Euphorbia tirucalli "Sticks on Fire"

To 20 feet

Hardy to Zone 10 (30F)

Full Sun




Euphorbia tirucalli, commonly called "Sticks on Fire," "Indian Tree Spurge," or "Pencil Cactus" is a member of the Euphorbia family native to the African continent and the Arabian peninsula, and has since been introduced to South America and Southeastern Asia as well. Commonly grown as a tree or shrub, sometimes for grazing livestock, e. tirucalli also makes an attractive houseplant for those of us in cooler, wetter climates (and will not grow nearly so large when kept in a container).

Euphorbia can be propagated by stem cuttings, which should be left to dry for 2-3 days before planting in a coarse potting soil kept just moist enough to prevent the cutting from drying out. Wear gloves and do not get the sap in your eyes or mouth! Euphorbias contain a milky white latex sap which is caustic and can cause irritation or rashes if it comes in direct contact with skin, and is poisonous if ingested.